Mikama - Aug 16, 2017

Riana R dans NewsMada
La création d’entreprises formelles au niveau national est en baisse de 37% durant les six premiers mois de cette année par rapport à l’année précédente sur la même période, rapporte l’ Institut national de la statistique (Instat) dans le dernier numéro du Tableau de bord économique. 5 827 établissements formels ont été créés entre janvier et juin 2017, contre 9 255 en 2016 sur la même période. (..) Dans la foulée, une baisse de 23,2% a été constatée concernant la création d’entreprises individuelles, avec un effectif de 8 250 durant le premier semestre 2016, pour descendre au nombre de 5 081 sur la même période en 2017.

Dans Middle East North Africa Financial Network
Madagascar, considered one of the top global , recently the island's protected area network from 1.7 million hectares to 6 million hectares. This covers 10% of the country's total land area. Although the state has claimed ownership of these lands since colonial times, they are often the customary lands of local communities whose livelihoods are deeply entwined with forest use. The clearance of forests for cultivation has traditionally provided access to fertile soils for millions of small farmers in the tropics. Conservation restrictions obviously affect them negatively. (..) We to estimate the local welfare costs of conservation in the eastern rainforests of #Madagascar using innovative multi-disciplinary methods which included qualitative as well as quantitative data. We asked local people to trade off access to forests for swidden agriulture (land cleared for cultivation by slashing and burning vegetation) with compensation schemes such as cash payments or support for improved rice farming. (..) We therefore argue that securing local tenure may be an essential part of social safeguards for conservation models like REDD (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation). It could also have the added benefit of helping to reduce poverty.

Dans Proactive Investors
In Madagascar, Bushveld’s acquisition of Lemur Resources brought with it the Imaloto coal deposit with a Chinese partner, Sinohydro, now on board. A feasibility study will assess an initial 60Mw independent power producer (IPP) coal power plant and associated 200 kilometre transmission line in southern Madagascar. Coal fuel for the power station will be provided from Lemur's coal mining permit area in Madagascar. Sinohydro will prepare the bankable study at its own cost within 12 months of signing the MoU.

Mikama - Aug 15, 2017

Riana R dans NewsMada
... la consommation de fuel lourd thermique a connu une croissance de 283%, atteignant un volume de 11 908 m 3. Cela s’explique par la reprise des activités soutenues de la centrale thermique de Mandroseza depuis juillet...  Concernant le Réseau interconnecté d’Antananarivo (RIA), la Jirama s’est fixé pour objectif d’approvisionner une grande partie du réseau par le biais de la centrale hydroélectrique d’Andekaleka et des centrales thermiques au fuel lourd. D’après les explications apportées par la compagnie, au moins 140 MW d’électricité, utilisée par le RIA, proviennent des centrales fonctionnant au fuel lourd. Il s’agit, notamment, des turbines à combustion (TAC) de la Jovenna installées à Ambohimanambola d’une capacité de 40MW, de la centrale thermique turque Askaf power installée également sur le même site ; et de la centrale de Mandroseza. Le marché pétrolier au niveau national est en progression de 13% en cumul sur les sept premiers mois de l’année, s’inscrivant à une consommation de 567 020 m3, d’après toujours l’OMH.

Dans Global Construction Review
An unprecedented $245m is set to be spent on the airports of Madagascar, one of the poorest countries in the world. The funding is to be arranged by the Emerging Africa Infrastructure Fund (EAIF), a public–private development organisation, and will be spent on the upgrade and expansion of airports in the capital of Antananarivo, in the centre of the country, and the island of Nosy Be in the north. The bulk of the money will come from the World Bank, the Proparco Development Bank of South Africa, and the OPEC Fund for International Development.Passenger handling capacity will more than double at Ivato Airport, which serves Antananarivo. Its runway will be reinforced and resurfaced to allow it to handle wide-bodied aircraft and a 17,500 sq m international terminal will be built with an initial capacity of 1.5 million passengers. The second scheme will increase the capacity of Fascene Airport at Nosy Be, one of the country’s main tourism destinations, to 500,000 passengers a year. (..) Madagascar has a nominal per capita GDP of about $390 in 2016, making it the fifth poorest country in the world. According to the African Business Review, the project is expected to contribute $71.5 million in taxes to the Madagascan government.

Dans Mongabay
He wants to stop a foreign-owned company, Tantalum Rare Earth Malagasy (TREM), from mining his land for rare earth elements. “Our ancestors survived here by living off of the land,” Solondraza said. (..) Befitina is part of TREM’s 115-square mile (300-square kilometer) concession on the Ampasindava peninsula, a highly biodiverse area jutting out into the Mozambique Channel, several hundred miles east of the coast of mainland Africa. Ampasindava is home to a number of threatened lemur species that could be further imperiled if the mining project goes forward, scientists warn. The peninsula is also just across the water from the island of Nosy Be, Madagascar’s main tourist destination, where business owners worry that mining pollution could turn visitors away. Rare earth mining can have severe environmental and health impacts, research from China shows. TREM’s explorations show Ampasindava to be rich in the valuable rare earth elements needed in electric motors, computer parts, cell phones, and many other modern devices. The company managing the project has touted the “exceptionally promising” findings in Ampasindava, and the concession has twice been appraised at over $1 billion. (..) In early 2015, two high-level government officials were flown into Ampasindava on a TREM-chartered helicopter, according to several people affiliated with Missouri Botanical Garden in Madagascar, which manages the protected area. A few months later, in July 2015, Madagascar’s government decided that the Ambongomirahavavy mountain area, which is the source of 80 percent of the peninsula’s water and had been slated for inclusion in the protected area, would remain part of TREM’s concession. “The government’s position was clear — they were pro-mining,” a Malagasy botanist involved with the negotiations told Mongabay. “Their interest in the environment was zero.”

Dans Mining Review Africa
Graphmada mine in Madagascar an ideal platform for Bass Metals. ASX-listed graphite producer Bass Metals is looking to establish itself as mid-tier producer of industrial mineral concentrates within the next few years. This strategy of Bass Metals entails increasing production volumes at its Graphmada operation in east Madagascar to 6 000 tpa, thereafter tripling production to 20 000 tpa by 2019. The advancement of its Millie’s Reward lithium project, also in Madagascar, will undeniably secure the company’s ambitions, CEO Tim McManus tells Laura Cornish. (..) When Bass Metals announced that it had successfully renegotiated with Stratmin to significantly decrease the acquisition value from A$15.25 million to $5.39 million in January this year... it will ensure the mine is capable of delivering 6 000 tpa of graphite at a higher quality (>75% recovery and >94% fixed carbon) than was produced in previous years. The mine, which delivered 1 500 t of graphite for Stratmin in 2015 and 2016, has now ceased operations in order to accommodate the work required for the optimisation project. The company is however still generating some revenue from sales stock. (..) While the majority of graphite produced from Graphmada has been mined from the 5.7 Mt Loharano deposit, Bass Metals is looking to mine the adjacent Mahefedok deposit which has the potential to see the company increase production to 20 000 tpa of graphite by 2019. A 2 300 m drilling programme at Mahefedok has just been completed, uncovering significant intercepts of soft, easily mineable saprolite mineralisation along the entire 2.8 km strike length.

Dans Ecofin Agency
Nearly 1,500 farmers could lose lands they have been occupying for close to 50 years in Soavinandriana Itasy, in the Central part of Madagascar. Indeed the farmers, were ordered by the court to quit their properties which span over an area of 569ha that a former minister claims his. “Before 1970, these lands belonged to colonists but locals started occupying and using them progressively.

Mikama - Aug 14, 2017

Antsa R. dans Midi Madagasikara
La Grande-île devrait atteindre un record de 300 000 touristes étrangers, pour cette année, si l’on se réfère à la tendance actuelle. (..) L’année dernière, le tourisme à Madagascar a généré 700 millions USD de revenus, soit 2 100 milliards d’Ariary.

Mirana Ihariliva dans L'Express de Madagascar
L’exportation de cette année atteindra quinze mille tonnes. Une nette amélioration par rapport à la production exportable d’il y a quelques années. Celle-ci n’a été que de quatre mille tonnes en 2009, six mille en 2013 et quatorze mille l’année dernière. (..)  Si on compte un prix moyen de 24 millions d’ariary pour une tonne de clous de girofle, cela fait entrer près de 300 milliards d’ariary par an. Madagascar détiendra ainsi près de 42 % du marché international pour ces prévisions de quinze mille tonnes de girofles.

Lova Rafidiarisoa dans L'Express de Madagascar
L’énergie verte devient une tendance. Madagascar veut produire de l’énergie avec du jatropha dans certaines zones du pays. C’est l’esprit de la Génération d’électricité rurale à partir du jatropha mahafalensis du sud de Madagas­car (Gemaha). (..) Prévu pour 24 mois, le projet Gemaha bénéficie du soutien de la Commission de l’océan Indien et de l’Union européenne. Ces partenaires financiers vont investir à hauteur de 330 000 euros soit environ 1,155 milliards d’ariary pour développer cette filière d’accès à l’énergie à partir de jatropha.



Mikama - Aug 7, 2017

Dans WORLD POLITICS REVIEW

While respected by international donors, Rakotoarimanana was not as beloved by other members of the government, and the private sector also viewed him warily. In an email interview, Richard R. Marcus, professor and director of the Global Studies Institute and the International Studies Program at California State University, Long Beach, describes the politics behind Rakotoarimanana’s resignation (..) Rakotoarimanana had some remarkable achievements as a result of his punctiliousness. He secured $304 million in International Monetary Fund Extended Credit Facility funding and a new World Bank Country Partnership Framework that provided $1.3 billion in spending between 2017 and 2021. (..) This is a tremendous challenge in Madagascar, where the private sector plays an important public sector role. While bribery and other overt forms of corruption do exist, the larger issues in Madagascar are challenges to regulatory and systemic norms such as the taxation of illicit goods, contracting and customs controls. Limiting activities disadvantages critical interlocutors. (..) The new finance minister, Vonintsalama Andriambololona, is appropriately trained and comes with a thick resume. However, she served as secretary-general of the Finance Ministry when President Rajaonarimampianina was finance minister during the transitional government of President Andry Rajoelina. With a few notable exceptions, international donors were critical of financial decision-making under the Rajoelina administration, cast doubt on the credibility of fiscal policy because of the government’s illegitimacy, and saw financial oversight as at best lax and at worst complicit in extracting rents from both legal and illegal sectors. As a result, the international community respects her training and work history—she sits on the board of the Central Bank of Madagascar—but questions her credibility. (..) However, core institutional reforms still have not been sufficiently addressed. Social sector institutions are feeble and lack vertical accountability. High-rent sectors such as mining have strong legal codes but weak enforcement and accountability. The justice system has continued to deteriorate and fails to serve the public interest or business. Police lack authority and are seen as corrupt. The National Assembly lacks public trust. Madagascar was once characterized by relatively high transparency but relatively low accountability. Today both transparency and accountability are deeply lacking, holding the potential to undermine fiscal policy, investment and political processes.  (..) However, core institutional reforms still have not been sufficiently addressed. Social sector institutions are feeble and lack vertical accountability. High-rent sectors such as mining have strong legal codes but weak enforcement and accountability. The justice system has continued to deteriorate and fails to serve the public interest or business. Police lack authority and are seen as corrupt. The National Assembly lacks public trust. Madagascar was once characterized by relatively high transparency but relatively low accountability. Today both transparency and accountability are deeply lacking, holding the potential to undermine fiscal policy, investment and political processes.

Mikama - Aug 4, 2017

Hanitra R. dans Midi Madagasikara
Madagascar dispose de 297.940 ha de mangroves. Elles constituent 2% des mangroves dans le monde selon les données de la FAO (Organisation des Nations Unies pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture) datant de 2007, et classées deuxièmes dans l’Océan Indien occidental. Malheureusement, 20%  d’entre elles ont disparu depuis 1990 à cause des pressions qu’elles subissent, notamment l’ensablement – dû à l’érosion, elle-même causée par la déforestation – mais également diverses autres formes de pressions telles que les impacts du changement climatique dont les phénomènes météorologiques extrêmes. Les activités humaines sont, toutefois, étroitement liées à la diminution de la superficie des mangroves.
Source : Songadina n°32, Conservation International – Madagascar

José Belalahy dans Midi Madagasikara
Ainsi, 3 054 742 populations issues de 663 671 foyers vont bénéficier de la campagne d’Aspersion Intra Domiciliaire d’Insecticide (CAID) de cette année. Une initiative lancée par le ministère de la Santé publique en partenariat avec ses partenaires techniques et financiers comme PMI/USAID à travers le projet Abt.

Miangaly Ralitera dans L'Express de Madagascar
Cent quarante décès paludéens ont été enregistrés par la direction du Programme national de lutte contre le paludisme (PNLP), de janvier au mai, au niveau national. Le nombre de malades notifié dans cette même période est de deux cent vingt mille personnes, majoritairement des enfants, selon la même source. (..) Le nombre de victimes de l’épidémie aurait, toutefois, baissé. «Le taux de morbidité palustre a diminué de 44% par rapport à celui de
l’année précédente. En 2016, deux cent soixante personnes ont succombé au paludisme, les premiers cinq mois de l’année, et quatre cent quarante, jusqu’en décembre», précise le responsable de la Statistique du PNLP.

L.R. dans L'Express de Madagascar
Selon les données publiées sur le site du ministère de la Pêche et des ressources halieutiques, la production langoustière a été de 325 tonnes en 2016. La production annuelle a tourné autour de 300 tonnes au cours de ces dernières années. On est encore loin de la meilleure performance, où la production a atteint les 550 tonnes en 2006.